The Perfect Endurance Horses
The challenges enduring horses face include distance, altitude and terrain variations, extreme weather fluctuations difficulties in going through rocks, mud and sand, time limits and undergoing vet check up after every 30 km or so. Only the fittest horses which persevere attain the best grades.
Following are some of the characteristics that make a great endurance horse.
Calm, Willing and Eager
The horse should enjoy what he does. Ideal endurance horse loves running and seeing what is over the next hill. In addition, it must be more controllable, competitive and willing to win. Endurance horses should cope up easily and need to eat, drink and sleep well to keep their strength.
Good Ability to Utilize the Available Oxygen
This characteristic explains how oxygen is taken in and supplied to the entire muscle for running. It Also explains how the metabolic waste is efficiently cleared away into the liver for detoxification, therefore, determining how long the horsecan proceed at high speed. Therefore endurance horses have wide nasal passages, large nostrils wide windpipe huge lungs inside a strong rib cage. In addition, it must have a huge muscular heart and large arteries and veins to carry enough oxygen.
The framework should be strong enough to accommodate the stress due to long-term exertion The confirmation of the legs should be correct to withstand stress. In addition, big flat knees, good hooves and hocks containing strong tendon attachment are good enough.
Good movement is associated with efficiency and concussion. High action like a Sadler or Hackney can cause too much concussion on the joints and hooves and is undesirable. However, long low action covers the ground with the least effort. A smooth comfortable center and a long reaching trot are great assets.
Not Too Big
Size matters a lot. Too big endurance horses are undesirable than those that are small. This is because too big horses carry too much body weight for long distances. Extra weight carried leads to extra calories being burned and therefore requiring more oxygen. In addition, loss of heat is another limiting factor. Endurance horses generatee a lot of heat overheating results in metabolic problems, therefore, cooling efficiency allows better performance. The larger the horse the longer time it takes to cool its body compared to a small taller horse.
Speed is crucial when it comes to winning h, however, the horses should begin with a superfast speed which can be developed on top of stamina. Muscle type is also more crucial. Slow twitch muscle is required which can function aerobically than too fast twitch muscle which can leave the horse tired as the distance increases.
The Right Breeding
At the entry level, there are a great variety of breeds, but on progressing up the ranks, the great majority of endurance horses are Arabs, Part Arabs, Anglo Arabs then the odd exception such as he Boerped, Thoroughbred, Basuto and Appaloosa.
In conclusion,the developing endurance horses is a process of growing as an athlete. For more danced endurance horses, it is a race that requires great fitness with resilience coupled with speed.